Creating an Eco-Friendly and Aesthetically Pleasing Garden
As periods of drought increase throughout the country, it is essential to create gardens that are both eco-friendly and visually appealing. This article will explore various methods to achieve a sustainable and beautiful garden while addressing the challenges posed by changing climate conditions.
Using Native Plants and Efficient Irrigation
One of the most effective ways to create an eco-friendly garden is by using native plants. These plants are adapted to the average rainfall amounts in their region, reducing the need for supplemental water. Contouring the landscape can also help capture rainfall and funnel it towards plants. Supplemental irrigation may be necessary during a drought, but using drip irrigation and dividing plants into separate zones based on their water needs can significantly reduce water waste. Additionally, mulching around plants can slow down evaporation from the soil, prevent weeds, and moderate soil temperatures. Organic mulches such as pine needles, shredded bark, and tree leaves are great options for this purpose.
Incorporating Sustainable Design Elements
Garden sheds and other eco-friendly garden buildings can push the envelope of sustainable design. Green roofs can be integrated into garden shed designs to add covered amenity space without reducing plantable areas. Different green roof solutions are suited to different types of roofs, positions, and climate zones, but selecting native species is generally a good idea. Earth-sheltered garden buildings can be designed to form part of the garden landscaping and have a turf roof that can be walked upon and used like other parts of the garden. Cob, adobe, or straw bale garden buildings can also be constructed to feel like an organic addition to the garden.
Earth Day and Earth-Friendly Gardening Principles
Earth Day, celebrated on April 22 by over 1 billion people in almost 200 countries, began in 1970 after the Santa Barbara oil spill and led to the passage of many environmental regulations. With climate change affecting the entire ecosystem, the Earth needs our help more than ever. Earth-friendly gardening principles protect natural resources, boost biodiversity, and minimize waste and pollutants. These principles include nurturing healthy soil, choosing plants with care, conserving water, and protecting wildlife.
Implementing Earth-Friendly Gardening Practices
Nurturing healthy soil involves adding compost, mulching, protecting from disturbance and erosion, and sequestering carbon. Choosing plants with care involves understanding and adapting to the local climate, growing native plants, using low-water plants, and removing invasive species. Conserving water involves incorporating permeable surfaces, irrigating carefully, reducing fossil fuel use, growing your own food, and composting waste. Protecting wildlife involves providing habitat and practicing responsible pest management. By implementing these earth-friendly gardening practices, we can create gardens that are not only aesthetically pleasing but also contribute to a healthier planet.