The mystery behind the ancient underwater kingdom in Turkey

The old kingdom

Between the 10th and 8th Century BC, the town of Tushpa, capital of Urartu thrived on the eastern shore of Lake Van. The city later came under the rule of the Byzantines, Seljuks and then the Ottomans. The old city — which was standing on the Silk Road — was later destroyed by wars and conflict that plagued the region. Although the maps that were drawn a thousand years ago are very different from those of today, it is possible to identify the shape and position of the lake.

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The political history of the kingdom of Urartu is mentioned in ancient Assyrian sources. According to ancient local legends, the kingdom experienced strong expansion between 860 and 560 BC. The wave of growth and expansion was so strong that the kingdom concentrated its military presence in the region, gaining dominance over all the other kingdoms. Unfortunately, the existence of this ancient kingdom is only mentioned in ancient Assyrian texts. Physical proof of its actual existence has never been obtained. But with advancements in technology, researchers are keen to give us more information about this mysterious kingdom.

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