Stress is a chain of physical and physiological manifestations of the human body when it is confronted with a particular situation. It is said to be stress and / or stressors. Anyone can get it, usually over a short period of time. However, we experience situations every day and it is important to identify them in order to eliminate them.
What are the causes of stress?
Stress is caused either by events which constitute a “danger” for the individual, or by stressors. These can be similar in various contexts depending on the age of the person.
In children and adolescents, these situations can result in the encounter of violent, abusive or even conflictual behaviors, such as for example the divorce of parents.
Adults are more likely to experience stressful situations in everyday life and at work. This can lead to anxiety and depression. Specifically, scientific analyzes have revealed that chronic stress in adults very often results from the existence of an underlying state of anxiety.
Exposure to traumatic experiences can also cause chronic stress. We then distinguish between acute stress and post-traumatic stress. Note that these two disorders result from past traumatic events: accident, death, serious illness, etc.
Other causes can also be linked to a stressful situation: the consumption of illicit substances, smoking, sleep or eating disorders.
Studies point out that people facing chronic stress and prolonged traumatic situations have a higher death rate.
Signs and symptoms of stress
Stress can result in a combination of mental, psychological and physical signs and symptoms. Emotionally, a stressed person may feel overworked, irritable, anxious, anxious, or lose their self-esteem.
On a mental level, symptoms can include over-thinking, constant preoccupation, difficulty concentrating or making decisions and making choices.
Physical symptoms associated with stress include muscle aches, headaches, dizziness, trouble sleeping, nausea, severe fatigue, and eating disorders.
Other effects can be associated with chronic stress: alcohol and tobacco, intensification of violent movements and behavior, or even avoidance of social relationships. In this sense, chronic stress syndrome should not be overlooked and should be detected and treated as early as possible.
Some tips for dealing with stress
Some tips and tricks will help you detect and control your state of stress:
- recognize their symptoms (emotional, physical and mental);
- talk to your family and friends and / or your doctor;
- daily practice of physical activity and socialization; – relaxation exercises, such as breathing exercises for example;
- identify and define its objectives and priorities;
- stay in touch with family, friends and other people in their daily life.
How to deal with stress in the event of complications.
Stress control techniques and methods exist and are recommended as a first resort. For this first step, relaxation and breathing exercises, well-being guides, etc. are useful.
When a feeling of depression begins to be felt (after a few weeks of chronic stress) or a state of anxiety begins to invade daily life, seeing a doctor can be helpful.